Diabetes is a condition where the body does not properly respond to insulin. This happens when the body is not producing enough insulin to meet the body’s needs. Insulin is important because it moves the simple sugar glucose, into the body’s cells from the blood. There are number of other effects on metabolism too due to this.
Glucose is provided to the body from the food we eat and the cells use this as a source of energy. If insulin does not work correctly to move glucose from the blood into cells, glucose will stay in the blood. High blood glucose levels are toxic, and cells that don’t get glucose are lacking what they need to function properly.
Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Slow-healing sores
- Skin infections.
Type 1 Diabetes
It occurs when the pancreas cannot make insulin. Everyone with Type 1 diabetes require insulin injections. Most people are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes during their childhood or adolescent years. Type 1 diabetes occurs most commonly in people of northern European ancestry.
Type 2 Diabetes
More than 90% of the people with diabetes have Type 2. Overall, more than 3 million Canadians have diabetes, and the number is rapidly rising over the period of time. Over one third of people with Type 2 diabetes are unaware they have the disease and are not receiving the required treatment because the early symptoms are not noticeable without testing. People with Type 2 diabetes usually have a family history of this condition and 90% are overweight or obese. People with this diabetes may eventually need to be injected with insulin. This condition occurs most commonly in people of Indigenous and African descent, Hispanics, and Asians.
When to Visit a Doctor
- If you suspect you or your child may have diabetes. If you notice any possible diabetes symptoms, contact your doctor. The earlier the condition is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin.
- If you’ve already been diagnosed with diabetes. After you receive your diagnosis, you’ll need close medical follow-up until your blood sugar levels stabilize.
7 tips to help reduce your risk:
Lose the Fat:
Excess weight can be a risk for diabetes. Every kilogram (2.2 pounds) of weight lost reduces diabetes risk by 15-16 percent.
Low Calorie Diet:
Intake of fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of diabetes. Foods to avoid are those rich in hydrogenated fat, saturated fat, and sugar.
Drinking 5-6 glasses of water a day can majorly help you in avoiding diabetes. Sugar-sweetened beverages should be avoided. Cut them out of your diet and the risk shall be avoided.
Stress triggers the release of several hormones that increase the sugar levels in the blood. Meditation can also improve the ability to cope with stress. Physical activity and social support also help relieve stress.
Get Enough Sleep:
The body’s reaction to sleep loss can resemble insulin resistance, a precursor to diabetes. People who are sleep deprived increase the risk for diabetes and obesity. It is advisable to consult a doctor if you are going through insomnia.